L’Europe et la Tunisie: état des relations

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1. Accord d’association entré en vigueur en 1998.

L’accord d’association comporte les volets suivants :

  • Dialogue politique
  • Libre circulation des marchandises
  • Libéralisation des services
  • Libre circulation des capitaux
  • Concurrence ouverte
  • Coopération économique
  • Coopération sociale et culturelle
  • Coopération financière
     

Accord d'association
 

2. Plan d’action dans le cadre de la Politique européenne de voisinage, présenté et agréé en 2004. Il stipule, entre autres mesures :

  • Consolidation des réformes touchant à la démocratie et l’État de droit
  • Renforcement du dialogue politique
  • Conditions propices pour les investissements directs étrangers
  • Environnement
  • Recherche scientifique
  • Enseignement supérieur
  • Coopération en matière d’emploi
  • Libre échange
  • Développement du secteur du transport
  • Gestion des flux migratoires
  • Circulation des personnes
  • Lutte contre le crime organisé
     

Plan d'action
 

3. Financement de l’UE (Commission européenne) engagé et versé :

  • 1995 à 2006 : 657 millions € (945 millions engagés)
  • 2007-2010 : 300 millions € (engagés)
     

4. Crédits de la Banque européenne d’investissement :

  • 1,52 milliard d’euros (1996-2003)
  • 1,50 milliard d’euros (2004-2009)
     

5. Domaines d’action de l’UE dans le pays :

  • Appui macroéconomique et sectoriel
  • Éducation
  • Culture
  • Appui au secteur privé
  • Appui aux médias
  • Formation professionnelle
  • Développement rural
  • Appui à la société civile

Liste des projets
 

6. Bénéficiaires : institutions étatiques, secteur privé, enseignement supérieur, agriculteurs, ministère de la Justice, municipalités, ONG…
 

7. Export vers l’UE :

Année 2003 2005 2007
Montant (Md eur) UE27 6,3 6,8 9,0
Export vers les pays de UE 27/ Total export 88% 81% 83%

 

 

8. Import de l’UE :

Année 2003 2005 2007
Montant (Md eur) UE27 7,2 8,0 9,5
Import des pays de UE27/ Total import 75% 76% 66%

9. Investissements européens directs (IDE)* :
3,6 milliards d’euros pour la période 2003-2008, soit 35,51 % des IDE en Tunisie.
 

* provenant des pays suivants : Allemagne, Autriche, Belgique, Danemark, Espagne, Finlande, France, Grèce, Italie, Pays-Bas, Royaume Uni et Suède (Source : ANIMA-MIPO)